*Jacek A. Jankowski*

**PhD thesis Abstract
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An algorithm for solution of three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible free surface flows is developed. A decoupled algorithm based on the fractional step (operator-splitting) technique is applied. The solution is obtained in subsequent stages treating equations split into parts having well-defined mathematical properties, so that the most adequate methods for a given differential operator type can be used. The decoupled algorithm structure, which does not use the continuity equation explicitly, allows application of equal-order linear interpolation functions for all variables. The applied reference element type, a prism with six nodes and linear interpolation functions, is a compromise between the exactness of the interpolation, model complexity and computational cost. The finite difference method is applied for the time discretisation and the computational domain variability is taken into account by a standard sigma-mesh structure which is well suited to most geophysical applications. Continue reading