Oebius, H.U., Becker, H.J., Rolinski, S., Jankowski, J.A.
Abstract. The evaluation of marine environmental impacts resulting from the exploitation of marine resources requires the numerical description, parametrization, and modelling of such processes in order to be able to transfer, compare, and forecast the effects of anthropogenic activities in the deep sea. One of the controversial effects is the formation and behaviour of sediment clouds as a consequence of anthropogenic activities on the seafloor. Since there is a need for reliable data, two subprojects of the Interdisciplinary Deep-sea Environmental Protection Group (TUSCH) project Impacts from Technical Activities on the Deep-Sea Ecosystem of the South East Pacific Offshore Peru (ATESEPP) were devoted to the assembly of such data. Based on the German technical approach for deep-sea mining, the possible environmental impacts by a miner were estimated, the impacts on the seafloor were simulated and investigated by tests with large volume undisturbed sediment samples on board the research vessel and in the laboratory, and the results were evaluated and extrapolated. This report gives a comprehensive presentation of the physical problems, the technical approach, and the results of these investigations.
The paper is available from the publisher site and from local repository (password).
Reference: Oebius, H.U., Becker, H.J., Rolinski, S., Jankowski, J.A. (2001) Parametrization and evaluation of marine environmental impacts produced by deep-sea manganese nodule mining. Deep-Sea Research Part II 48 p. 3453-3467, doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00052-2.